The English word rulers can basically mean one of two things:
1. A measuring stick, or
2. A sentient being in authority over other sentient beings.
Sentient beings (such as God, angels, a military commander, a human king, a human governor, a human law-enforcement officer, etc.) who are "in charge" over other sentient beings exist and are either in authority:
1. innately, by their very nature (of power, intelligence, circumstance) are automatically and permanently in authority over all other lifeforms and existent entities -- not having been requested, nor established, nor continued to become, nor continue to be in authority....by the existent objects subservient to that authority, or
2. temporarily, being conditionally requested, appointed, commissioned, and maintained to be in partial authority within specific parameters of control over the entities willfully or involuntarily governed.
Pertaining to item #1 stated above, it almost goes without saying that both God the Creator, and His lesser-status angels, are sentient entities already functioning in an immutably superior position over all animate and inanimate physical objects on planet Earth. The authority of the Lord (in the now-glorified person of His Son, Jesus Christ) is, of course, superior in power, knowledge, and indestructibility to any and all [created] angels or demons:
Colossians 1:9 For this cause also, from the day in which we heard, we do not cease praying on your behalf, and asking that you may be filled with the full knowledge of His will in all wisdom and spiritual understanding,
12 giving thanks to the Father, who has made us fit for a share of the inheritance of the saints in light,
13 who delivered us out of the authority of darkness, and translated us into the kingdom of the Son of His love,
14 in whom we have redemption through His blood, the remission of sins;
15 who is the image of the invisible God, the First-born of all creation.
16 For all things were created in Him, the things in the heavens, and the things on the earth, the visible and the invisible; whether thrones, or lordships, or rulers, or authorities, all things have been created through Him and for Him.
17 And He is before all things, and all things consist in Him.
18 And He is the Head of the body, the church, who is the Beginning, the First-born from the dead, that He be preeminent in all things;
19 because all the fullness was pleased to reside in Him,
20 and through Him making peace by the blood of His cross, to reconcile all things to Himself; through Him, whether the things on the earth, or the things in the heavens.
Hebrews 1:1 God, who at many times and in many ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets,
2 has in these last days spoken to us by His Son, whom He has appointed heir of all things, by whom also He made the worlds,
3 who being the shining splendor of His glory, and the express image of His essence, and upholding all things by the word of His power, having made purification of our sins, He sat down on the right of the Majesty on high,
4 being made so much better than the angels, as He has by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.
5 For to which of the angels did He say at any time, "You are My Son, this day I have begotten Thee?" And again, "I will be to Him a Father, and He shall be to Me a Son?"
6 And again, when He brings in the first-born into the world, He says, "And let all the angels of God worship Him."
7 And of the angels He says, "Who makes His angels spirits and His ministers a flame of fire."
8 But to the Son He says, "Your throne, God, is forever and ever. A scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Your kingdom.
9 You have loved righteousness and hated iniquity, therefore God, Your God, has anointed You with the oil of gladness above Your fellows."
10 And, "You, Lord, have laid the foundation of the earth in the beginning, and the heavens are the works of Your hands.
11 They shall perish, but You will remain. And they shall all become old as a garment,
12 and as a covering You shall fold them up, and they shall be changed. But You are the same, and Your years shall not fail."
13 But to which of the angels, did He say at any time, "Sit on My right hand until I make Your enemies Your footstool?"
14 Are they not all [and merely] ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for those who shall be heirs of salvation?
As previously inferred, the existence of THE Supernatural Supreme Authority (i.e. God, revealed in the Godhead Person of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Messiah and Redeemer and Saviour).....compared to temporal lesser-power-and-influence human authorities of the types mentioned above.....permanently exists....with or without the consent of the lifeforms subject to His Divine Authority.....and such continues to be so - in part - because of His overwhelming and infinite power to maintain such rulership:
Job 9:12 Hey, [God] snatches away; who can hinder Him? Who will say to Him, 'What are you doing'?
Job 9:19 If it is a contest of strength, consider Him! If it is a matter of justice, who can summon Him?
Job 11:10 If He passes through, and imprisons, and calls to judgment, who can hinder Him?
Job 23:13 But He is unchangeable, and who can turn Him? What He desires, that He does.
Job 26:14 Wow, these are but the outskirts of His ways; and how small a whisper do we hear of Him! But the thunder of His power who can understand?"
Job 34:29 When He is quiet, who can condemn? When He hides his face, who can behold Him, whether it be a nation or a man?
Job 36:23 Who has prescribed for Him His way, or who can say, 'You have done wrong'?
For those of you who have seen the cartoon character Shrek (and do not feel bad or deprived if you have not), belligerant aggressors attempting to invade and conquer Shrek's territory are met with his response of:
"You....and whose army"
Which gets us to macro human authorities and micro human authorities.
The macro authorities, created and instituted by God the Creator Himself, are such entities as the identified-with-certain-humans abstractions called "The State of Israel" and "United States Government" (to name merely two of the many).
Presently, and for some time in the past, the matter of sovereignty and land ownership of Mideast ('Holy Land') territories defined in the Sacred-66-books Judeo-Christian (Old-and-New-Testaments) Holy Bible has been debated and in question relating to the following Scriptural chapters containing detailed descriptions:
Dissention has occurred as to whether or not blood-and-faith descendants of not merely Abraham, but especially Isaac and Jacob (with the progenie of Ishmael and Esau excluded) and continued messianic line with Judah, Moses, Joshua, David, Solomon, etc. up to and including the Son of David (Jesus Christ).....should be considered the property of Hebrew Jews..... or instead a trouble-fermenting group of antisemitic nomadic vagabonds infesting the planet ever since Jews-hating/Christ-despising Roman emporers who tried to rename the land of Israel the land of "philistines" (thus: "palestine") -- under the ownership of frequently-terroristic/genocidal arabs and moslems whose only nationalistic intention is to steal Israeli territory, truncate Jewish God-given-and-never-relinquished borders, annihilate those beloved for the sake of their forefathers, and "wipe Israel off the face of the map."
Yes, rebellious Israel and Judah were temporarily conquered in the past, by such rulers as the God-fearing Nebuchadnezzar:
Daniel 3:29 Therefore I [Nebuchadnezzar] make a decree: Any people, nation, or language that speaks anything against the [Hebrew/Jewish] God of Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, shall be torn limb from limb, and their houses laid in ruins; for there is no other god who is able to deliver in this way."
.....and Darius (who appointed Daniel his VP):
Daniel 6:18 Then the king went to his palace, and spent the night fasting; no diversions were brought to him, and sleep fled from him.
19 Then, at break of day, the king arose and went in a hurry to the den of lions.
20 When he came near to the den where Daniel was, he cried out in a tone of anguish and said to Daniel, "Oh Daniel, servant of the living God, has your God, whom you serve continually, been able to deliver you from the lions?"
21 Then Daniel said to the king, "Oh king, live for ever!
22 My God sent His angel and shut the lions' mouths, and they have not hurt me, because I was found blameless before Him; and also before you, king, I have done no wrong."
23 Then the king was extremely glad, and commanded that Daniel be taken up out of the den. So Daniel was taken up out of the den, and no kind of hurt was found upon him, because he had trusted in his God.
24 And the king commanded, and those men who had accused Daniel were brought and thrown into the den of lions: they, their children, and their wives; and before they reached the bottom of the den, the lions overpowered them and broke all their bones in pieces [HOLY non-paroled non-plea-bargained capital punishment!].
25 Then King Darius wrote to all the peoples, nations, and languages that reside on all the Earth: "Peace be multiplied to you.
26 I make a decree, that in all my royal dominion men tremble and fear before the God of Daniel, for He is the living God, enduring forever; His kingdom shall never be destroyed, and His dominion shall be to the end.
27 He delivers and rescues, He works signs and wonders in heaven and on earth, He who has saved Daniel from the power of the lions."
28 So this Daniel prospered during the reign of Darius and the reign of Cyrus the Persian.
....along with Cyrus the Persian (who wanted Nehemiah to rebuilt Jerusalem)
Ezra 1:1 In the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah might be accomplished, the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia so that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom and also put it in writing:
2 "Thus says Cyrus king of Persia: The LORD, the God of heaven, has given me all the kingdoms of the earth, and He has charged me to build Him a house at Jerusalem, which is in Judah.
3 Whoever is among you of all His people, may his God be with him, and let him go up to Jerusalem, which is in Judah, and rebuild the house of the LORD, the God of Israel: He is the God who is in Jerusalem;
4 and let each survivor, in whatever place he travels, be assisted by the men of his place with silver and gold, with goods and with livestock, besides freewill offerings for the house of God which is in Jerusalem."
7 Cyrus the king also brought out the vessels of the house of the LORD which Nebuchadnezzar had carried away from Jerusalem and placed in the house of his gods.
Esther 1:1 In the days of Ahasuerus, the Ahasuerus who reigned from India to Ethiopia over one hundred and twenty-seven provinces,
2 in those days when King Ahasuerus sat on his royal throne in Susa the capital,
3 in the third year of his reign he gave a banquet for all his princes and servants, the army chiefs of Persia and Media and the nobles and governors of the provinces being before him....
Esther 8:1 On that day King Ahasuerus gave to Queen Esther the house of Haman, the enemy against the Jews. And Mordecai came before the king, for Esther had told what he was to her;
2 and the king took off his signet ring, which he had taken from Haman, and gave it to Mordecai. And Esther set Mordecai over the house of Haman.
3 Then Esther spoke again to the king; she fell at his feet and besought him with tears to avert the evil design of Haman the Agagite and the plot which he had devised against the Jews.
7 Then King Ahasuerus said to Queen Esther and to Mordecai the Jew, "Hey, I have given Esther the house of Haman, and they have hanged him on the gallows, because he would have laid hands on the Jews.
8 And you may write as you please with regard to the Jews, in the name of the king, and seal it with the king's ring; for an edict written in the name of the king and sealed with the king's ring cannot be revoked."
As you can see, the ACLU and AUSCS have good cause to insist on "separation of church and state" because of the above, and the Sun rises each morning in the west.
Seriously, prudent legislators and judges within Our Union of 50 States correctly interpret the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution with the essence of:
Congress shall respect no law establishing [anti-Christian] [denominationally-sectarian, or State] religion, nor prohibiting the free exercise of [genuine-Christian] [denominational or sectarian] religion.
Certainly, a long line of American Presidents have similarly been accomodating to Jews in relation to continuing Jewish existence, and establishment of a designated homeland for Jews in the Middle East....even in significant accord with the territorial boundaries designed by the LORD in the Holy Bible.
[However, "the jury is still out" concerning (and not "regarding") Barack "Barry Soetoro" Hussein Obama, a universalist-religion closet muslim who is under compulsion by his sensible-orthodox-Jewish, non-islamic, Christianity-oriented American advisors to 'not throw Israel under the bus.']
Romans 3:1 What advantage then hath the Jew? Or what profit is there in circumcision?
2 Much in every way; chiefly because to them were committed the oracles of God.
3 For what if some did not believe? Shall their disbelief make the faithfulness of God without effect?
4 God forbid! Yes, let God be true, though every man a liar. As it is written: "That You might be justified in Your sayings, and might overcome when You are judged."
9 What then? Are we better than they? No, in no wise! For we have before proved that both Jews and Gentiles are all under sin.
10 As it is written: "There is none righteous, no, not one;
11 there is none who understands; there is none who seeks after God.
12 They have all gone from the way; they have together become non-profitable; there is none who does good, no, not one."
Speaking of the United States, I met a Ron Paul supporter the other day who seemed to have placed himself in competition against the authority and sovereignty of the military-armed-forces-supported Government of the United States -- claiming that all sorts of phenomena enacted and maintained by duly-appointed agents and officers of U.S. Government had been [alleged] "illegal" actions, such as enactment of Social Security I.D. numbers for all.
Poor Social Security. It is clear that Satan and his subversive operatives cannot tolerate tax-free monthly checks from Uncle Sam understandably given to needy and impoverished, should-be-honored, senior citizens to do whatever they rightfully determine is best for their very survival and the well-being with their chosen local and national community.
If Social Security doesn't get threated by marxist-like class-warfare elitists who mis-term Social Security "entitlements" and who want to replace it with insanely-treacherous non-predictable Wall-Street stock-and-bonds-market gambling...it is threatened by Ron Paul insurrectionist kooks who presume that they themselves are self-appointed authorities as to what and what not is "legal" (irrelevant of what the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial branches of United States Government have painstakingly deliberately upon and finally decided with orderly and frequently-bipartisan majority-agreement unity).
The Government of the United States is NOT a separate foreign entity hostile against the governed who created it, maintain it, vote about it, and cooperate under the various jurisdictions thereof (e.g. federal, state, county, city, and township components). Neither the Presidency nor the Congress should be under duress, insubordinate and arrogant harassment, nor seditious attack from those whose only replacement would be despicably-damnable anarchy and chaos.
The Ron-Paul-supportive traitor-type I regretfully encountered who, I suppose, considered himself a [purported] "sovereign nation" (sort of like renegade redskins AWOL from The Reservation), even misrepresented Saint Peter as a [supposed] "foreigner" who (according to the subversive non-patriot I talked to) "made a mistake" by verbally "placing himself" under the [received-and-registered-Social-Security-number-similar] jurisdiction of Roman "palestinian" government concerning the local [IRS-reminiscent] tax:
Matthew 17:24 And they coming into Capernaum, those receiving the didrachmas came to Peter and said, Does your teacher not pay the didrachmas?
25 He said, Yes. And when He entered into the house, Jesus anticipated him, saying, What do you think, Simon? From whom do the kings of the earth receive custom or tribute? From their sons or from strangers?
26 Peter said to Him, "From strangers." Jesus said to him, "Then truly the sons are free.
27 But that we may not offend them, going to the sea, throw in a hook and take the first fish [HOLY Mackeral!] coming up. And opening its mouth, you will find a stater. Taking that, give to them for you and Me."
It should be pointed out that Peter, as well as Christ's other Jewish disciples/apostles, along with Jesus Himself, was NOT the illegal alien illicitly occupying Roman-government territory...just like bonafide fundamentalist-orthodox Christians along with their Bible-based churches and ministries are not illegal aliens occupying United States territory.
John 18:36 Jesus answered, "My Kingdom is not of this world. If My Kingdom were of this world, then would My servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews. But now is My Kingdom not from here."
Clearly, the Social Security Trust Fund would be preserved and stabilized by bureaucrats NOT giving money to actual illegal aliens (and Barry Soetoro was born in Mombasa Kenya - not anywhere in Hawaii!), nor to foreign countries who vote against America in the United Nations or tariff and exclude exported American products, nor allowing no-term-limits congresspersons bribing voters of their particular State with wasteful and needless boondoggle pork projects funded from monies stolen from the SS Trust Fund.
We finally get to not macro, but micro, jurisdictional rulerships of [nuclear] family units throughout the nation.
The incentive to operate smoothly and effectively within the structure of father as CEO, mother as next-in-charge, and so on is plainly revealed by such Holy Writ as:
Exodus 20:12 Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long in the land which the LORD your God gives you.
Deuteronomy 5:16 Honor your father and your mother, as the LORD your God commanded you; that your days may be prolonged, and that it may go well with you, in the land which the LORD your God gives you.
Matthew 15:4 For God commanded, 'Honor your father and your mother,' and, 'He who speaks evil of father or mother, let him surely die.'
Mark 7:10 For Moses said, 'Honor your father and your mother'; and, 'He who speaks evil of father or mother, let him surely die';
Mark 10:19 You know the commandments: 'Do not kill, Do not commit adultery, Do not steal, Do not bear false witness, Do not defraud, Honor your father and mother.'"
Luke 18:20 You know the commandments: 'Do not commit adultery, Do not kill, Do not steal, Do not bear false witness, Honor your father and mother.'"
Ephesians 6:2 "Honor your father and mother" (this is the first commandment with a promise),
3 "that it may be well with you and that you may live long on the earth."
4 Fathers, do not provoke your children to anger, but bring them up in the discipline and instruction of the Lord.
5 Slaves, [Voluntary slavery is NOT evil!] be obedient to those who are your earthly masters, with fear and trembling, in singleness of heart, as to Christ;
6 not in the way of eye-service, as men-pleasers, but as servants of Christ, doing the will of God from the heart, 7 rendering service with a good will as to the Lord and not to men,
8 knowing that whatever good any one does, he will receive the same again from the Lord, whether he is a slave or free.
9 Masters, do the same to them, and forbear threatening, knowing that He who is both their Master and yours is in heaven, and that there is no partiality with Him.
Ephesians 6:1 Children, obey your parents in the Lord, for this is right.
Colossians 3:20 Children, obey your parents in everything, for this pleases the Lord.
Admittedly, the micro-authoritative jurisdiction of parents can and should be overridden (if then when it needs to be) in accord with:
Matthew 10:37 He who loves father or mother more than Me is not worthy of Me; and he who loves son or daughter more than Me is not worthy of Me;
Matthew 12:50 For whoever does the will of My Father in heaven is My brother, and sister, and mother."
Mark 3:35 Whoever does the will of God is My brother, and sister, and mother."
Luke 14:26 If anyone comes to Me and does not hate his father, and mother, and wife, and children, and brothers and sisters, and besides, even his own life, he cannot be My disciple.
The civil and human rights of children do NOT overrule the civil and human rights of parents:
Exodus 21:15 Whoever strikes his father or his mother shall be put to death.
Deuteronomy 21:18 If a man has a stubborn and rebellious son, who will not obey the voice of his father or the voice of his mother, and, though they chastise him, will not mind them,
Deuteronomy 21:21 Then all the men of the city shall stone him to death with stones; so you shall purge the evil from among you; and all Israel shall hear, and fear.
Proverbs 23:13 Do not withhold discipline from a child; if you beat him with a rod, he will not die.
Proverbs 23:14 If you beat him with the rod you will save his life from Sheol.
Isaiah 3:12 My people: children are their oppressors, and women rule over them. Oh my people, your leaders mislead you, and confuse the course of your paths.
Hebrews 12:9 Furthermore we have had fathers of our flesh who corrected us, and we gave them reverence. Shall we not far rather be in subjection unto the Father of Spirits, and live?
Much less thievery, robbery, embezzlement, rape, molestational abuse, and assault would occur if would-be perpetrators realized that every man and woman, son and daughter, has a concerned father, mother, wife, husband, brother, sister, uncle, and aunt back home who are very protective of their own family members, and whose retaliation intentions if any one of them were harmed would have no legal nor quasi-legal limits:
Malachi 4:6 And he will turn the hearts of fathers to their children and the hearts of children to their fathers, lest I come and smite the land with a curse."
Proverbs 6:25 Do not desire her beauty in your heart, and do not let her capture you with her eyelashes;
26 for a harlot may be hired for a loaf of bread [nowadays a hundred-or-so dollars?], but an adulteress stalks a man's very life.
27 Can a man carry fire in his bosom and his clothes not be burned?
28 Or can one walk upon hot coals and his feet not be scorched?
29 So is he who goes in to his neighbor's wife; none who touches her will go unpunished.
30 Do not men despise a thief if he steals to satisfy his appetite when he is hungry?
31 And if he is caught, he will pay sevenfold [if not shot dead]; he will give all the goods of his house.
32 He who commits adultery has no sense; he who does it destroys himself.
33 Wounds and dishonor will he get, and his disgrace will not be wiped away.
34 For jealousy makes a man furious, and he will not spare when he takes revenge.
35 He will accept no compensation, nor be appeased though you multiply gifts.
Deuteronomy 22:20 But if the thing is true, that the tokens of virginity were not found in the young woman,
Deuteronomy 22:21 then they shall bring out the young woman to the door of her father's house, and the men of her city shall stone her to death with stones, because she has wrought folly in Israel by playing the harlot in her father's house; so you shall purge the evil from the midst of you.
It is the God-and-Bible-designated responsibility of the citizens who comprise United States Government "of the people, by the people. and for the people" to both indirectly provide for their honored aging parents past the age of 60 (according to Leviticus 27):
Leviticus 27:1 The LORD said to Moses,
2 "Say to the people of Israel, When a man makes a special vow of persons to the LORD at your valuation,
3 then your valuation of a male from twenty years old up to sixty years old shall be fifty shekels of silver, according to the shekel of the sanctuary.
4 If the person is a female, your valuation shall be thirty shekels.
5 If the person is from five years old up to twenty years old, your valuation shall be for a male twenty shekels, and for a female ten shekels.
7 And if the person is sixty years old and upward, then your valuation for a male shall be fifteen shekels, and for a female ten shekels.
....and not by anti-Scripturally raising the Retirement Age past sixty (60) nor imposing marxist-like income-discrimination exclusions-and-limitations class warefare, but instead preserving and maintaing Social Security through honest and non-pilfered governmental apportionment, AND by personal provision:
First Timothy 5:1 Do not sharply rebuke an elder, but exhort as a father; and younger ones as brothers,
2 older women as mothers, younger women as sisters, in all purity.
3 Honor widows, the ones really being widows.
4 But if any widow has children or grandchildren, let them learn first to be godly to their own house and to make a return payment to their forebears, for this is good and pleasing before God.
5 But honor the one being really a widow, even having been left alone, who has set her hope on God and continues in petitions and prayers night and day.
8 But if anyone does not provide for his own, and especially his family, he has denied the faith and is worse than an disbeliever.
9 Let a widow be enrolled having become not less than sixty (60) years, the wife of one man,
10 being witnessed by good works, if she brought up children, if she hosted strangers, if she washed the feet of the saints, if she relieved afflicted ones, if she followed after every good work.
11 But refuse younger-women widows; for whenever they grow lustful against Christ, they desire to marry,
12 having guilt because they set aside the first faith;
13 and with it all, they also learn to be idle, going around the houses, and not only idle, but also gossips and busybodies, speaking the things not proper.
14 Therefore, I desire the young women (NOT "widows") to marry, to bear children, to rule the house, giving no occasion to the adversary on account of reproach.
15 For some already have turned aside behind Satan.
16 If any believing man or believing woman has widows, let them relieve them, and do not burden the church, that it may relieve those being really widows.
17 Let the elders who take the lead well be counted worthy of double honor, especially those laboring in word and teaching.
18 For the Scripture says, "You shall not muzzle an ox treading out grain," and, the laborer is worthy of his pay.
19 Do not receive an accusation against an elder unless on the testimony of two or three witnesses.
20 The ones sinning before all, rebuke, that the rest also may have fear.
21 I solemnly witness before God and the Lord Jesus Christ and the elect angels, that you should guard these things without prejudice, doing nothing by way of partiality.
22 Lay hands quickly on no one, nor share in the sins of others. Keep yourself pure.
23 No longer drink water, but use a little wine on account of your stomach and your frequent infirmities.
Thank God the anti-liquor 18th Amendment was repealed. The misworded (it should have stated: gender, and NOT "sex") 19th Amendment should also be repealed, which superfluous mis-addition to the U.S. Constitution is a flagrantly-discordant-against-Scripture incitement for arrogantly-defiant women to leave domestic home-based responsibilities and maliciously compete with harassive and confusion-causing chauvenistic feminist-sexist wrong-headed zeal which no government of any echelon authorizes them so to do:
First Timothy 2:5 For God is one, and there is one Mediator between God and man, the Man Christ Jesus,
6 who gave Himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time.
8 Therefore, I desire that men pray everywhere, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting.
9 In the same way also, I desire that women adorn themselves in decent clothing, with modesty and sensibility, not adorned with broiding, or gold, or pearls, or costly clothing,
10 but with good works, which becomes women professing godliness.
11 Let the woman learn in silence with all subjection.
12 But I do not allow a woman to teach, or to exercise authority over a man, but to be in silence.
13 For Adam was first formed, then Eve.
14 And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived was in the transgression.
15 But she will be saved through childbearing, if they continue in faith and love and holiness with sobriety.