I experienced my annual seder tonight.
The wife seems to like them more than I do.
For those of you who do not know what a seder is, it apparently is a jewish term for ceremoniously combining a sparse meal of big matzo crackers, with some parsley and red horseradish and salted water, and dark grape juice (for those not into drinking real wine). Bits of lamb are optional (depending on whether the celebrants think that lamb can be eaten without it having been killed in some Master Temple in Jerusalem).
To me, the seder is a strange mixture of quoting bonafide Old-Testament Judeo-Christian passages from The Bible, with an awful lot of extraneous and superfluous writings and narrations definitely not part of the authentic canon of Divinely-inspired Scripture verses.
The best that I can say about the extensive amount of commentaries within a typical seder is that much of it seems in part to be somewhat based upon elaborations and interpretations and applications of actual Scripture verses.
The weird ritualisms involved with the seder are, to a non-"jewish" observer, quite capricious in terms of their mysterious sources and conflicting revisers. Some rabbis would interpret the food and rituals within a seder as symbolizing one set of things, while other rabbis would interpret the same food and rituals as symbolizing completely different things. Sometimes there is general consensus concerning such among a majority of rabbis and participants; at other times there could be violently-uncooperative disparities and disagreements.
There is also an associative identity problem non-jews have when involved in a seder. Not only the adiaphoric and figurative interpretations and rituals, but even the actual Scripture verses themselves relate not to actual deliverance of present participants from a year-2012 actual Egyptian infliction of current actual plagues at the present time . . . but are merely a questionable-additional-details reiteration of somewhat-historical occurrences which happened centuries ago. Thus, to apply what happened way back then as if it is again happening now verbatim is almost laughable and certainly is absurd....even if some participants are remotely related ancestrally.
Therefore, those who participate in a seder are, of necessity, play-acting like in some theater production, with only some parts of the script having an ongoing Scriptural application to us nowadays in a metaphorical or allegorical sense, but with most of the adiaphorical script having the characteristic of something noxiously quasi-sacred but and not really mandatory to annually mouth and utter.
Christ Himself spoke of (and apparently decried, if not disdained) the needless and peripheral humanly-concocted ritualisms imposed by the pharisees and scribes of His time:
Matthew 15:2 "Why do your disciples transgress the tradition of the elders? For they do not wash their hands when they eat."
Mark 7:3 For the Pharisees, and all the Jews, do not eat unless they wash their hands, observing the tradition of the elders.
Matthew 16:6 Jesus said to them, "Watch out and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees."
Mt 16:11 How is it that you fail to perceive that I did not speak about bread? Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees."
Mt 16:12 Then they understood that He did not tell them to beware of the leaven of bread, but of the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees.
Mark 8:15 And He cautioned them, saying, "Take heed, watch out against the leaven of the Pharisees and the leaven of Herod."
Mr 12:38 And in his teaching He said, "Beware of the scribes, who like to go about in long robes, and to have salutations in the market places.
Luke 12:1 In the meantime, when so many thousands of the crowd had gathered together that they trod upon one another, He began to say to His disciples first, "Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy.
Lu 20:46 "Beware of the scribes, who like to go about in long robes, and love salutations in the market places and the best seats in the synagogues and the places of honor at feasts."
Matthew 15:3 He answered them, "And why do you transgress the commandment of God for the sake of your tradition?
Matthew 15:6 So, for the sake of your tradition, you have made void the word of God.
Hebrews 5:3 Because of this [a priest] is bound to offer sacrifice for his own sins as well as for those of the people.
Heb 9:26 for then He would have had to suffer repeatedly since the foundation of the world. But as it is, He has appeared once for all at the end of the age to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself.
Heb 10:12 But when Christ had offered for all time a single sacrifice for sins, He sat down at the right hand of God
Heb 10:26 For if we sin deliberately after receiving the knowledge of the truth, there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins
Heb 13:15 Through him then let us continually offer up a sacrifice of praise to God, that is, the fruit of lips that acknowledge His name.
Second Chronicles 7:1 When Solomon had ended his prayer, fire came down from heaven and consumed the burnt offering and the sacrifices, and the glory of the LORD filled the temple.
Ecclesiastes 9:1 But all this I laid to heart, examining it all, how the righteous and the wise and their deeds are in the hand of God; whether it is love or hate man does not know. Everything before them is vanity
2 since one fate comes to all, to the righteous and the wicked, to the good and the evil, to the clean and the unclean, to him who sacrifices and him who does not sacrifice. As is the good man, so is the sinner; and he who swears is as he who shuns an oath.
3 This is an evil in all that is done under the sun, that one fate comes to all; also the hearts of men are full of evil, and madness is in their hearts while they live, and after that they go to the dead.
4 But he who is joined with all the living has hope, for a living dog is better than a dead lion.
5 For the living know that they will die, but the dead know nothing, and they have no more reward; but the memory of them is lost.
6 Their love and their hate and their envy have already perished, and they have no more for ever any share in all that is done under the sun.
Isaiah 1:11 "What to me is the multitude of your sacrifices?" says the LORD; "I have had enough of burnt offerings of rams and the fat of fed beasts; I do not delight in the blood of bulls, or of lambs, or of he-goats."
Isaiah 43:24 "You have not bought me sweet cane with money, or satisfied me with the fat of your sacrifices. But you have burdened me with your sins, you have wearied me with your iniquities."
Isaiah 66:3 He who slaughters an ox is like him who kills a man; he who sacrifices a lamb, like him who breaks a dog's neck; he who presents a cereal offering, like him who offers swine's blood; he who makes a memorial offering of frankincense, like him who blesses an idol. These have chosen their own ways, and their soul delights in their abominations
Jeremiah 6:20 To what purpose does frankincense come to me from Sheba, or sweet cane from a distant land? Your burnt offerings are not acceptable, nor your sacrifices pleasing to me.
Jeremiah 7:21 Thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: "Add your burnt offerings to your sacrifices, and eat the flesh.
22 For in the day that I brought them out of the land of Egypt, I did not speak to your fathers or command them concerning burnt offerings and sacrifices.
23 But this command I gave them, 'Obey my voice, and I will be your God, and you shall be my people; and walk in all the way that I command you, that it may be well with you.'
24 But they did not obey or incline their ear, but walked in their own counsels and the stubbornness of their evil hearts, and went backward and not forward.
25 From the day that your fathers came out of the land of Egypt to this day, I have persistently sent all my servants the prophets to them, day after day;
26 yet they did not listen to me, or incline their ear, but stiffened their neck. They did worse than their fathers.
27 "So you shall speak all these words to them, but they will not listen to you. You shall call to them, but they will not answer you.
Amos 4:4 "Come to Bethel, and transgress; to Gilgal, and multiply transgression; bring your sacrifices every morning, your tithes every three days . . ."
Amos 5:25 "Did you bring to me sacrifices and offerings the forty years in the wilderness, house of Israel?
26 You shall take up Sakkuth your king, and Kaiwan your star-god, your images, which you made for yourselves;
27 therefore I will take you into exile beyond Damascus," says the LORD, whose name is the God of hosts.
Mark 12:33 ". . . and to love [God] with all the heart, and with all the understanding, and with all the strength, and to love one's neighbor as oneself, is much more than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices."
Mark 12:38 And in His teaching he said, "Beware of the scribes, who like to go about in long robes, and to have salutations in the market places
39 and the best seats in the synagogues and the places of honor at feasts,
40 who devour widows' houses and for a pretense make long prayers. They will receive the greater condemnation."
Luke 20:45 And in the hearing of all the people He said to his disciples,
46 "Beware of the scribes, who like to go about in long robes, and love salutations in the market places and the best seats in the synagogues and the places of honor at feasts,
47 who devour widows' houses and for a pretense make long prayers. They will receive the greater condemnation."
Mark 7:10 For Moses said, 'Honor your father and your mother'; and, 'He who speaks evil of father or mother, let him surely die';
11 but you say, 'If a man tells his father or his mother, What you would have gained from me is Corban' (that is, given to God)--
12 then you no longer permit him to do anything for his father or mother,
13 thus making void the word of God through your tradition which you hand on. And many such things you do."
Matthew 23:17 You blind fools! For which is greater, the gold or the temple that has made the gold sacred?
Matthew 23:19 You blind men! For which is greater, the gift or the altar that makes the gift sacred?
Matthew 23:23 "Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you tithe mint and dill and cummin, and have neglected the weightier matters of the law, justice and mercy and faith; these you ought to have done, without neglecting the others.
Luke 11:42 "But woe to you Pharisees! for you tithe mint and rue and every herb, and neglect justice and the love of God; these you ought to have done, without neglecting the others.
Matthew 12:1 At that time Jesus went through the grainfields on the sabbath; His disciples were hungry, and they began to pluck heads of grain and to eat.
Mt 12:2 But when the Pharisees saw it, they said to him, "Look, your disciples are doing what is not lawful to do on the sabbath."
Mt 12:5 Or have you not read in the law how on the sabbath the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are guiltless?
Mt 12:10 And hey, there was a man with a withered hand. And they asked Him, "Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath?" so that they might accuse Him.
Mt 12:11 He said to them, "What man of you, if he has one sheep and it falls into a pit on the sabbath, will not lay hold of it and lift it out?
Mt 12:12 Of how much more value is a man than a sheep! So it is lawful to do good on the sabbath."
Mark 2:24 And the Pharisees said to Him, "Look, why are they doing what is not lawful on the sabbath?"
Mr 3:2 And they watched Him, to see whether He would heal him on the sabbath, so that they might accuse Him.
Mr 3:4 And He said to them, "Is it lawful on the sabbath to do good or to do harm, to save life or to kill?" But they were silent.
Luke 6:2 But some of the Pharisees said, "Why are you doing what is not lawful to do on the sabbath?"
Lu 6:7 And the scribes and the Pharisees watched Him, to see whether He would heal on the sabbath, so that they might find an accusation against Him.
Lu 6:9 And Jesus said to them, "I ask you, is it lawful on the sabbath to do good or to do harm, to save life or to destroy it?"
Lu 13:14 But the ruler of the synagogue, indignant because Jesus had healed on the sabbath, said to the people, "There are six days on which work ought to be done; come on those days and be healed, and not on the sabbath day."
Lu 13:15 Then the Lord answered him, "You hypocrites! Does not each of you on the sabbath untie his ox or his ass from the manger, and lead it away to water it?
Lu 13:16 And ought not this woman, a daughter of Abraham whom Satan bound for eighteen years, be loosed from this bond on the sabbath day?"
There arose a severe dispute in the early Christian church as to what ceremonial (in contrast or moral, or ethical) rules, laws, and commanded yet had to be observed and obeyed and practiced.
Must an actual temple be rebuilt and - if so - according to the precise specs within the Pentateuch (or Torah)? Should animal sacrifices for sins be re-started? Do clergy have to wear literal-components-described robes intricately described in the Torah, and burn unknown-ingredient Torah-like incense for worship? Most importantly, DO male babies have to be circumcised in order to be saved?
It is clear that, for the early Christian church, a couple moral or ethical rules were maintained as necessary, along with what (at first glance) appears to be a couple ceremonial rules - pertaining to what non-jew gentiles must yet do:
Acts 15:1 But some men came down from Judea and were teaching the brethren, "Unless you are circumcised according to the custom of Moses, you cannot be saved."
2 And when Paul and Barnabas had no small dissension and debate with them, Paul and Barnabas and some of the others were appointed to go up to Jerusalem to the apostles and the elders about this question.
5 But some believers who belonged to the party of the Pharisees rose up, and said, "It is necessary to circumcise them, and to charge them to keep the law of Moses."
6 The apostles and the elders were gathered together to consider this matter.
7 And after there had been much debate, Peter rose and said to them, "Brethren, you know that in the early days God made choice among you, that by my mouth the Gentiles should hear the word of the gospel and believe.
8 And God who knows the heart bore witness to them, giving them the Holy Spirit just as he did to us;
9 and he made no distinction between us and them, but cleansed their hearts by faith.
10 Now therefore why do you make trial of God by putting a yoke upon the neck of the disciples which neither our fathers nor we have been able to bear?
11 But we believe that we shall be saved through the grace of the Lord Jesus, just as they will."
12 And all the assembly kept silence; and they listened to Barnabas and Paul as they related what signs and wonders God had done through them among the Gentiles.
13 After they finished speaking, James replied, "Brethren, listen to me.
14 Simeon has related how God first visited the Gentiles, to take out of them a people for His name.
15 And with this the words of the prophets agree, as it is written,
16 'After this I will return, and I will rebuild the dwelling of David, which has fallen; I will rebuild its ruins, and I will set it up,
17 that the rest of men may seek the Lord, and all the Gentiles who are called by my name,
18 says the Lord, who has made these things known from of old.'
19 Therefore my judgment is that we should not trouble those of the Gentiles who turn to God,
20 but should write to them to abstain from the pollutions of idols and from unchastity and from what is strangled and from blood.
21 For from early generations Moses has had in every city those who preach him, for he is read every sabbath in the synagogues."
22 Then it seemed good to the apostles and the elders, with the whole church, to choose men from among them and send them to Antioch with Paul and Barnabas. They sent Judas called Barsabbas, and Silas, leading men among the brethren,
23 with the following letter: "The brethren, both the apostles and the elders, to the brethren who are of the Gentiles in Antioch and Syria and Cilicia, greeting.
24 Since we have heard that some persons from us have troubled you with words, unsettling your minds, although we gave them no instructions,
25 it has seemed good to us, having come to one accord, to choose men and send them to you with our beloved Barnabas and Paul,
26 men who have risked their lives for the sake of our Lord Jesus Christ.
27 We have therefore sent Judas and Silas, who themselves will tell you the same things by word of mouth.
28 For it has seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us to lay upon you no greater burden than these necessary things:
29 that you abstain from what has been sacrificed to idols and from blood and from what is strangled and from unchastity. If you keep yourselves from these, you will do well. Farewell."
30 So when they were sent off, they went down to Antioch; and having gathered the congregation together, they delivered the letter.
31 And when they read it, they rejoiced at the exhortation.
So much for the optional seder, and/or hourly/daily/weekly/monthly/yearly communion, or "eucharist" and/or mandatory use of the Kyrie/Gloria/Credo/Santus/AgnusDei Mass -- all of which the Penitent Dying Thief on a Cross perhaps never once had, not to mention ever being baptized . . . yet promised same-day entrance into Paradise with Jesus, by Jesus.
During Holy Week, many jewish seder ceremonies have been done, and a few points need to be said about such quasi-cultic observances - tainted and twisted by each rabbi and participant who includes varying (and either weird or silly or both) extraneous items and actions, excluding other extraneous items and actions, making exceptions, imposing non-authorized additions and non-authorized subtractions . . . all exhibited using the excuse of time limitations, lack of resources, along with endless other adiaphoric exemptions and self-appointed concoctions.
First, the Biblical instructions for doing Scripturally-"kosher" seders is found exclusively in Exodus chapter 12, and therein several things need to be noted.
Second, there are absolutely NO command nor instruction in Exodus 12 to wash hands or feet or anything else. Although it is true that Christ Jesus washed the feet of His disciples (as recorded in John 13:3-15) at his so-called "Last Supper" passover before His crucifixion, and that our bodies should be washed with pure water (according to Hebrews 10:22), the Lord objected to mandatory ritual washing intended to function as pseudo-redemptive human acts of self-sacrificial self-justification and self-atonement as clearly indicted by the following verses:
Matthew 15:1 Then Pharisees and scribes came to Jesus from Jerusalem and said,
2 "Why do your disciples transgress the tradition of the elders? For they do not wash their hands when they eat."
3 He answered them, "And why do you transgress the commandment of God for the sake of your tradition?
4 For God commanded, 'Honor your father and your mother,' and, 'He who speaks evil of father or mother, let him surely die.'
5 But you say, 'If any one tells his father or his mother, What you would have gained from me is given to God, he need not honor his father.'
6 So, for the sake of your tradition, you have made void the word of God.
7 You hypocrites! Well did Isaiah prophesy of you, when he said:
8 'This people honors me with their lips, but their heart is far from me;
9 in vain do they worship me, teaching as doctrines the precepts of men.'"
10 And He called the people to him and said to them, "Hear and understand:
11 not what goes into the mouth defiles a man, but what comes out of the mouth, this defiles a man."
12 Then the disciples came and said to Him, "Do you know that the Pharisees were offended when they heard this saying?"
13 He answered, "Every plant which my heavenly Father has not planted will be rooted up.
14 Let them alone; they are blind guides. And if a blind man leads a blind man, both will fall into a pit."
15 But Peter said to him, "Explain the parable to us."
16 And he said, "Are you also still without understanding?
17 Do you not see that whatever goes into the mouth passes into the stomach, and so passes on?
18 But what comes out of the mouth proceeds from the heart, and this defiles a man.
19 For out of the heart come evil thoughts, murder, adultery, fornication, theft, false witness, slander.
20 These are what defile a man; but to eat with unwashed hands does not defile a man."
Luke 11:37 While He was speaking, a Pharisee asked Him to dine with him; so He went in and sat at table.
38 The Pharisee was astonished to see that He did not first wash before dinner.
39 And the Lord said to him, "Now you Pharisees cleanse the outside of the cup and of the dish, but inside you are full of extortion and wickedness.
40 You fools! Did not He who made the outside make the inside also?
41 But give for alms those things which are within; and hey, everything is clean for you.
42 But woe to you Pharisees! for you tithe mint and rue and every herb, and neglect justice and the love of God; these you ought to have done, without neglecting the others.
43 Woe to you Pharisees! for you love the best seat in the synagogues and salutations in the market places.
44 Woe to you! for you are like graves which are not seen, and men walk over them without knowing it."
45 One of the lawyers answered Him, "Teacher, in saying this you reproach us also."
46 And He said, "Woe to you lawyers also! for you load men with burdens hard to bear, and you yourselves do not touch the burdens with one of your fingers.
47 Woe to you! for you build the tombs of the prophets whom your fathers killed.
48 So you are witnesses and consent to the works of your fathers; for they killed them, and you build their tombs.
49 Therefore also the Wisdom of God said, 'I will send them prophets and apostles, some of whom they will kill and persecute,'
50 that the blood of all the prophets, shed from the foundation of the world, may be required of this generation,
51 from the blood of Abel to the blood of Zechariah, who perished between the altar and the sanctuary. Yes, I tell you, it shall be required of this generation.
52 Woe to you lawyers! for you have taken away the key of knowledge; you did not enter yourselves, and you hindered those who were entering."
53 As he went away from there, the scribes and the Pharisees began to press Him hard, and to provoke Him to speak of many things,
54 lying in wait for Him, to catch at something He might say.
Third, there are absolutely NO commands nor instructions in Exodus 12 for lambs to be gathered into one Temple to be slaughtered. Rather:
Exodus 12:3 Tell all the congregation of Israel that on the tenth day of this month they shall take every man a lamb according to their fathers' houses, a lamb for a household;
Exodus 12:4 and if the household is too small for a lamb, then a man and his neighbor next to his house shall take according to the number of persons; according to what each can eat you shall make your count for the lamb.
Those rabid of the Building Committee who feel some idolatrous Christ-substitutionary craving to fulfil their sumptuous structure erection as vital to their eternal salvation simply will have to put that obsession on the back burner.
Pertaining to "temples," the New Testament says this:
Mark 14:58 "We heard him say, 'I will destroy this temple that is made with hands, and in three days I will build another, not made with hands.'"
John 2:19 Jesus answered them, "Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up."
Second Corinthians 6:16 What agreement has the temple of God with idols? For we are the temple of the living God; as God said, "I will live in them and move among them, and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.
Revelation 3:12 He who conquers, I will make him a pillar in the temple of my God; never shall he go out of it, and I will write on him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, the new Jerusalem which comes down from my God out of heaven, and my own new name.
Revelation 11:1 Then I was given a measuring rod like a staff, and I was told: "Rise and measure the temple of God and the altar and those who worship there
Revelation 15:5 After this I looked, and the temple of the tent of witness in heaven was opened
Revelation 21:22 And I saw no temple in the city, for its temple is the Lord God the Almighty and the Lamb.
Some presume that a literal temple building is necessary to jive with the following, but such is probably meant to be taken both figuratively and symbolically:
Second Thessalonians 2:4 . . . who opposes and exalts himself against every so-called god or object of worship, so that he takes his seat in the temple of God, proclaiming himself to be God.
Concerning (not "regarding") annual lamb-animal acquisition and slaughter, keep in mind the verse:
First Corinthians 5:7 Cleanse out the old leaven that you may be a new lump, as you really are unleavened. For Christ, our paschal lamb, has been sacrificed.
Fourth, part of most seders state that the LORD Himself alone kills the first-born of Egypt, and typical seder semantics make a totally-errant but adamently-emphatic point that that execution was NOT done by "an angel, a seraph, a messenger." But in fact, quite the contrary is instead true:
Exodus 12:23 For the LORD will pass through to slay the Egyptians; and when he sees the blood on the lintel and on the two doorposts, the LORD will pass over the door, and will not allow the destroyer to enter your houses to slay you.
The "destroyer" and the "LORD" are two different entities! Even though the LORD commissions "the destroyer" to destroy, the two are not the same nor identical sentient entities!
Fifth, there is absolutely NO indication that the seder nor any other Jewish meal ends (rather than begins) with a Blessing of Grace. Consider the timing of the Grace blessing in the following Scriptural (NOT concocted-rabbinical) passages:
Matthew 26:26 Now as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and broke it, and gave it to the disciples and said, "Take, eat; this is my body."
Mark 6:41 And taking the five loaves and the two fish He looked up to heaven, and blessed, and broke the loaves, and gave them to the disciples to set before the people; and he divided the two fish among them all.
Mark 8:6 And He commanded the crowd to sit down on the ground; and He took the seven loaves, and having given thanks He broke them and gave them to His disciples to set before the people; and they set them before the crowd.
Mark 14:22 And as they were eating, He took bread, and blessed, and broke it, and gave it to them, and said, "Take; this is my body."
Luke 22:19 And He took bread, and when He had given thanks He broke it and gave it to them, saying, "This is my body which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me."
Luke 24:28 So they drew near to the village to which they were going. He appeared to be going further,
29 but they constrained Him, saying, "Stay with us, for it is toward evening and the day is now far spent." So He went in to stay with them.
30 When He was at table with them, He took the bread and blessed, and broke it, and gave it to them.
31 And their eyes were opened and they recognized Him; and He vanished out of their sight.
32 They said to each other, "Did not our hearts burn within us while He talked to us on the road, while He opened to us the scriptures?"
33 And they rose that same hour and returned to Jerusalem; and they found the eleven gathered together and those who were with them,
34 who said, "The Lord has (NOT "is"!) risen indeed, and has appeared to Simon!"
35 Then they told what had happened on the road, and how He was known to them in the breaking of the bread.
Sixth, "Elijah" was never once mentioned either within Exodus 12 nor by Jesus during His passover 'Last Supper. To divert attention to Elijah - as some kind of a wimp-assisting, co-redemptive, fire-beckoning Sidekick or Enforcer alongside or previewing Jesus the glorified Christ - is near-blasphemy and idolatrously diverting attention away from Redeemer-Messiah Jesus and His sole importance.
The Two Witnesses spoken of in Revelation are of course coming, but remember what quasi-Elijah John the Baptist said of himself in comparison to Jesus Christ:
Mark 1:7 And he preached, saying, "After me comes he who is mightier than I, the thong of whose sandals I am not worthy to stoop down and untie.
Luke 3:16 John answered them all, "I baptize you with water; but He who is mightier than I is coming, the thong of whose sandals I am not worthy to untie; He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and with fire.
John 1:27 . . . even He who comes after me, the thong of whose sandal I am not worthy to untie."
John 3:30 "He must increase, but I must decrease."
Seventh, the near-blasphemous phrases: "It would have been enough if God had opened the Sea for us, It would have been enough if God had given us the Torah and not the land of Israel, etc. -- is blatantly wrong. On two counts:
(1) Ezekiel chapter 47 clearly and succinctly specifies the territorial boundaries of the God-given and God-apportioned Holy Land to Israeli Jews, and not to antisemitic and so-called "palestinian" arabs, and
(2) The atonement and redemption of Christ Jesus by Himself was and is: "the enough" required for sufficiency, and THAT ultimate objective is the ONLY thing that can truly satisfy both Jews and Gentiles alike.
Eighth, nowhere within Exodus chapter 12 nor during Christ's 'Last-Supper' passover was the presumptuous phrase: "Next Year in Jerusalem" uttered or supposed to be uttered.
Finally, should a prophet, priest, pastor, or rabbi cover their heads with a shawl or yarmulka or kippa or skullcap or whatever . . . when praying to God?
Even a young toddler can understand the plain and simple admonition of Christian Jew and Chief Apostolic Rabbi Saint Paul when he stated:
First Corinthians 11:4 Any man who prays or prophesies with his head covered dishonors his head,
First Corinthians 11:5 but any woman who prays or prophesies with her head unveiled dishonors her head--it is the same as if her head were shaven.
First Corinthians 11:6 For if a woman will not veil herself, then she should cut off her hair; but if it is disgraceful for a woman to be shorn or shaven, let her wear a shawl.
First Corinthians 11:14 Does not nature itself teach you that for a man to wear long hair is degrading to him,
First Corinthians 11:15 but if a woman has long hair, it is her glory? For her hair is given to her for a covering.
First Corinthians 11:16 If any one is inclined to be contentious, we recognize no such custom [of allowing a woman to consider her loose long hair as adequate or equivalent to a prayer covering or veil], nor do the churches of God.